Limited-contact sports are those where competitors in certain situations may come in contact, but that contact is allowed by the rules to be as brief and as light as possible, with a wide set of rules preventing competitors from harming one another either intentionally or unintentionally. Many limited-contact sports also use rules that specifically prevent contact between players of both opposing and same team. If contact happens, judges usually determine on the fly if that contact was allowed, and if the penalty is deemed necessary, that penalty serves to discourage future recurrence of contact. In some limited-contact sports, repeated penalties for contact between players can lead to the temporary or permanent removing the player from the field of play.
The most popular limited-contact sport in the world is without any doubt basketball, which was devised in the late 1800s to be a fast-paced team sport that will promote athleticism, endurance, precision, movement, and teamwork. In this sport, repeated offenders of body contact are given several chances before they are removed from the field of play. Other examples of limited-contact sports are baseball, women’s lacrosse, netball, softball, field hockey, hurling, polo, underwater hockey and more.